Hiroshima was born on the very day of the world’s first nuclear attack, 73 years later people remembered that day
That date was on the calendar on 6 August 1945. The sky of Japan’s Hiroshima was clear, there was no cloud. It was like every morning for the people of Hiroshima. People were dealing with their day-to-day work, knowing that there is going to end in a few moments. History was still left to be written, but its record was ready.
The then President of the United States, Harry Truman, had approved the deployment of a nuclear bomb in Japan in a highly secretive operation. Take the night or say that at 2:45 in the morning, the US Air Force bomber B-29 ‘Enola Gay’ took off and the direction was towards the west, the target was Japan.
The bomb that was released for Hiroshima is also known as ‘Little Boy’ in the context of former US President Roosevelt. When the ‘Little Boy’ was loaded in B-29, it was not an active bomb, it was left to be filled with gunpowder and the bomb’s circuit was not even complete.
“Inola Gai” pilot crew Paul W. Tibbets had 12 people, Conductor Theodore, J. van Kirk and Weapon officer Morris Jepsen were Morris Japsen who was the last little boy in his hands.
Together with his driver, associate Dick Parson, he placed four big bags of gunpowder in this bomb. After this, Jepson plugged into Little Boy and transformed it into a live bomb.
Military of Japan
Hiroshima was a port city that was the center for supplying logistics to the Japanese army. This city was a very important city from a strategic point of view, from here only the Japanese army’s communication system was running. At that time, there was a time in Hiroshima at 8:30 in the morning.
‘Enola Gay’ dropped Little Boy into the sky. The command of ‘Enola Gay’ was in the hands of Colonel Paul W. Tibbets. He says, “There was something that can not be imagined, what to say, after throwing a bomb, for a few seconds I turned around and saw it and walked forward.”
Tibbets reported that they saw smoke clouds and rapidly spreading fire. The fury of the smoke took the city in its grip. In this way, everything in Hiroshima has washed away in a few minutes … desolate and desolate
US President Harry S. Truman said, “A long time ago, a US ship has dropped a bomb at Hiroshima and caused a huge devastation in the enemy here, which was 20,000 tonnes of TNT capacity and so far used It was two thousand times more powerful than the largest bomb. ”
He said, “With this bomb, we have got a new revolutionary destructive weapon in the series of weapons that will strengthen our armies. At present, these bombs are being produced, as well as working on even more dangerous bombs. They are atomic bombs, which have the power of the universe. We have spent two billion dollars to achieve this scientific achievement. ”
Bang, fire, and devastation
A schoolgirl, Jango Kline, was with some of her friends at Hiroshima Railway Station, near the place where the bomb was dropped. According to Kline, “I heard a loud bang, I felt a lot of pressure, my eyes started burning, for some time I became unconscious.” When I sensed, the sky was completely black. I was feeling the painful sound of shouts for help. I felt that I could not breathe and I started screaming too. ”
According to him, “Then two strong hands went towards me and they pulled me out of it, at that time Hiroshima station was filled with filling, I started running, I thought the fireball was following me. A well-known voice was heard, he called me by my name, that was the voice of a friend of mine. ”
Dead Bodies And Dead Bodies
According to Kline, “She was drowning in the rubble, I tried her best to pull her out, but only when she was caught in the fire. I was unable to breathe, her hand had kept my hand on me, With some eyes, I pulled my hand in some way and then started running away. The voice shouting back, the voice gradually lost in the noise of fire and explosions. ”
According to him, “I ran into a hill, ran away, where all the injured, burnt people were moaning, I fell somewhere between them and the heap of corpses.” “At around five o’clock in the evening, I reached my father and mother somehow, I saw the dead bodies floating around the river and the bodies floating in the river. My father who lived outside the city was saved but my mother was badly injured. After a few days, my entire body fell purple blisters, all my hair had fallen, the face was distorted. ”
On August 6, 1945, the people who were in Hiroshima were either killed and those who survived were affected by radio radiation. It was such an effect that was going to be visible even in future generations.
When ‘Little Boy’ was cracked in Hiroshima’s atmosphere, the devastation spread in the area of 13 sq km. More than 60 percent of the city’s buildings were destroyed. At that time, Japan reported the official number of people who died in this attack, 1 million 18 thousand 661.
According to the later estimates, one lakh 40 thousand of Hiroshima’s total population of three lakh 50 thousand people were killed in it. These included soldiers and those who were later killed due to nuclear radiation. Many people also suffered from prolonged illness and disability.
Kokura was aiming
The date was changed once again in the calendar and this time it was 9 August 1945. The night of August 8 was over, bombs were placed on the American Bomber B-29 Superfortress Box.
This bomb was some melodic melon and weighing 4050 kg. The bomb was named ‘Fat Man’ in the context of Winston Churchill.
The target of this second bomb was on the industrial town of Kokura. Here were Japan’s biggest and most ammunition factories. At nine o’clock in the morning, the city of Kokura was coming down. At this time, the B-29 aircraft was flying at an altitude of 31,000 feet.
Heavy bomb on Nagasaki
The bomb was to be dropped by the same height. But there was a camp of clouds over the city. B-29 turned around and came to Kokura. But when the turn of the city to bombs came again, again the city was occupied by smoke and the air-piercing guns from the bottom were furious.
The fuel of B-29 was decreasing in a hazardous manner. There was only oil in the plane to get back. Group Captain Leonard Cheshire says, “We started flying at 9 o’clock in the morning, when we reached the main target there were clouds. Then we got a message to leave it and we headed towards the other goal which was Nagasaki.”
The crew started automatic bombshell device, and shortly after the booming bomb rapidly moved towards the ground. After falling down to 52 seconds, the bombs exploded at a height of 500 feet above the earth’s surface.
The clock had the time of 11 to 2 minutes. A magnificent fire of fire got into the shape of the mushroom. The size of the shell continued to rise and swiftly swallowing the entire city. Boats floating on the coast of Nagasaki and all boats parked in the harbor were set on fire.
None of the people in the vicinity could know that what has happened since they died before it appeared. Some British battalions outside the city were working in the mines, one of them said, “The whole city was deserted, silent was the bodies of people on every side. We had come to know that something unusual happened. We had never heard of the atom bomb before. ”
Due to the surroundings of the city of Nagasaki, only 6.7 sq. Km area was destroyed due to the devastation.
1.41 million in Hiroshima and 74,000 in Nagasaki were killed
Without naming any particular country, he cautioned, “Some countries are expressly expressing self-centered nationalism and modernizing their nuclear reserves.” They said, ‘They are creating the same tension again, which was settled after the end of the Cold War.’ He appealed to end nuclear weapons at a time when American President Donald Trump has taken the step to increase the American nuclear arsenal.
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said on this occasion that the liability of Japan is to bridge the gap between nuclear-rich and paramilitary nations. Abe’s government had decided not to participate in the United Nations Agreement on the Ban on Nuclear Weapons.
Significantly, at the end of World War II, the United States made two nuclear attacks on Japan. First in Hiroshima and second in Nagasaki In these blasts, 1.41 million in Hiroshima and 74,000 in Nagasaki were killed.
Surrender of Japan
About 74 thousand people were killed in this attack and the same number of people were injured. That same night American President Harry Truman announced, “The Japanese have now come to know what nuclear bombs can do.”
He said, “If Japan still does not surrender, then another war establishment will be attacked and unfortunately, thousands of civilians will be killed in it.” With two atomic attacks and on August 8, 1945, when the Soviet Union opened its front against Japan, there was no other way left for Japan.
Japan’s war minister and army officers were not in favor of surrender, but Prime Minister Baron Kantaro Suzuki convened an emergency meeting and six days after Japan surrendered to the Allies.